Budapest bhad 10 districts after coming into existence by the unification of the cities of Pest, Buda and Óbuda in 1873, numbered I to X. In the 1930s, 4 new districts were organized, numbered XI to XIV. There are a plenty of attractions in Budapest, so highly recommended to hire a budapest guide. On 1 January 1950, Budapest was amalgamated with 7 neighboring towns and 16 villages, and the number of its districts increased to 22. District IV was dissolved and the number was given to the northernmost newly merged town (Újpest), further amalgamated territories were organized as districts XV - XXII. Former district borders were also partly modified but the old numbering system is still clear on the map. In 1994, one of the former villages left district XX and the new district XXIII was born.
Many Budapest sights are in this part of the city:
The Parliament building is the real symbol of Budapest: impossible to miss because its wonderful location on the river of the Danube and of its size. The building is 268 meters long and 123 meters hight, with a dome 96 meters high. Particular attention should also be given to the wonderful artistic compositions of glass works by Miksa Róth.
The Basilica of St. Stephen
The St. Stephen's Basilica is the largest church in Hungary. Almost 100 meters high, its high dome can be seen from most of the city. Characterizing element of Basilica is the dome, which rises to a height of 96 meters, making it, like Parliament, the tallest building in Pest. Internally there is keept one of the most important treasure of the country: the mummified hand of King Stephen, which gives its name. The building was completed around 1905.
Heroes' Square is located on the Pest side of the capital. It is surrounded to the north by the Museum of Fine Arts and to the South by the Gallery of the Arts. In the middle of the square, on a column of 36 meters there is the statue of the Archangel Gabriel, at the base of the column are statues of the seven Magyar commanders who conquered the country.
The Hungarian cuisine is one element that stands in Hungarian culture. It varied with creative types of meals. The culinary culture is the result of historical development, which has more than 1000 years, with good natural endowments. If we are lucky we can taste the delicious foods during a Budapest city-tour. The Hungarian cuisine is rich in spicy aromas and flavors, the most famous dish of this cuisine is goulash that meets the typical flavors of this popular cuisine mixed with paprika. Hungarian cuisine is understood that not only confined to Hungary but also that of the hungarians. This cuisine is common in the use of peppers, paprika (called Eros Pista) and garlic, few dishes that include raw vegetables. The perfect hungarian guide don't let the tourist go home until he don't tasted this speciality. The fries are made with lard coming be used for frying at high temperature and usually has a smoky flavor. In the land of the famous sausages have salami (Hungarian: téliszalámi), this salami made in Hungary since 1883 using traditional Szeged has unique qualities that distinguish it from the original quite Italian, other sausages are paprikás szalámi (salami with paprika) and csemege szalámi (salami made from a mixture of pork and beef), smoked sausage and gyula Békéscsaba. The wines are well known, are usually white and gold colored sweetish odor. The red table wine is the most popular Bikavér. As highlighted by the Egri Bikavér (Bull's Blood of Eger), grown in the region around the city of Eger, in northern Hungary. Red wines are very good body and age very well. One of the most famous wines of Tokaji Hungarian gastronomy from the sunny slopes of the hills of Tokaj sandy washes, this wine was well known by the eighteenth-century European royalty. If we travel to Hungary we have to drink one glass. It is a sweet wine that perfectly accompanies one of the favorite dishes of the Hungarians: goose liver. They are also very famous wines of Lake Balaton.
Little more than fragments remain of Budapest transfer’s Gothic and Renaissance past. However, some Baroque buildings have survived in Buda’s Castle District and Vizivaros. Neo-Classicism, on the other hand, has a much wider presence; there are many apartment buildings, palaces and secular monuments built in this style, especially around the old fortification walls of Pest on the eastern side of the Danube. Historicism dominated the architecture of the second half of the 19th century. It played a vital role in the enlargement of the city as it expressed and celebrated the optimism of the era.
The curreny system in Hungary is rapidly approaching the Europeanstandard. Budapest now boasts manymodern banks, both Hungarian andforeign, which are located in smartand spacious buildings. The service isefficient and courteous. There are manyautomatic cash dispensers and bureauxde change in the town centre and around the railwaystations. An increasing number of shops and restaurantsnow accept credit cards, but it is still more common in Budapest to pay for goods and services in cash. Mostbanks will now also advance money on a credit card.
When deciding on accommodation, first choose the general location: Buda or Pest, or maybe even the picturesque suburbs further afield. In low-lying Pest, many hotels are literally only a few steps away from most of the major tourist attractions, while visitors staying in hilly Buda can enjoy cool, fresh air and quiet surroundings. Good value for money can be found by renting a room in one of the small pensions or private hotels in and around Budapest. The more exclusive hotels offer a luxurious stay, but at a much greater price – as much as 40,000 Hungarian forints and above per night. Most luxury hotels, such as the Hyatt Regency Budapest-Vienna (see p181), are set along the eastern bank of the Danube. Others, such as the Marriott (see p183) or the KempinskiCorvinus (see p183) are situated nearer to the centre of Pest, close to the theatres and shops. Those located further out of town are usually an easy journey from the city centre, particularly since hotels are often situated close to metro stations. Tourinform (see p179) is a chain of tourist offices in Budapest-Bratislava that provide information (in Hungarian, English, French, German, Russian and Italian) on accommodation and places to eat, as well as on tourist and cultural events. Maps can be found on sale here, as well as free booklets and pamphlets. The offices are open daily, even during the winter months. Should visitors need any further information to supplement this guide, this office can offer details of alternative accommodation, from hotels to camp sites. The Tourist Almanac, available from most bookshops, is also a useful publication.