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The Austro-Hungarian Empire

The Austro-Hungarian Empire, Austro-Hungarian Monarchy or simply Austria-Hungary, was a European state created in 1867 after the so-called Austro-Hungarian Compromise, by which it recognized the Kingdom of Hungary as an autonomous entity within the Austrian Empire. Since then the Austro-Hungarian Empire was called because of equality between both states. The official name of the Empire is transcribed as: 'Realms and Territories Imperial represented in the Council and the Territories of the Hungarian Holy Crown of St. Stephen' governed by Budapest-Vienna.

The sovereign ruled as Emperor of Austria on the west and north, the Cisleitania call and as King of Hungary on the Transleitania. There was no common citizenship and a single passport for citizens of the Empire that could be Austrian or Hungarian, but not both.
In 1914, on the eve of the First World War that would lead to its dissolution, he had an area of ​​675,936 square kilometers, had 52,799,000 inhabitants and was considered as one of the great European powers.

The territories of the defunct Austro-Hungarian Empire now comprise thirteen European countries: Austria, Hungary, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina other regions of Vojvodina and Western Banat in Serbia, Kotor Bay in Montenegro, Trentino -High Adige and Trieste in Italy, Transylvania, Banat Eastern and Bucovina in Romania, the western part of Galicia and Silesia in Poland and eastern Galicia and the Transcarpathian Ruthenia in Ukraine.

St. Stephen's Basilica

St. Stephen's Basilica (Hungarian: Szent István-bazilika) is a Roman Catholic basilica in Budapest, Hungary. It is named in honour of Stephen, the first King of Hungary (c 975–1038), whose mummified fist is housed in the reliquary.

The church is named for Saint Stephen I of Hungary, the first King of Hungary (c. 975–1038), whose incorruptible right hand is housed in the reliquary.
This is the most important church building in Hungary, one of the most significant tourist attractions and the third highest building in Hungary.

Equal with the Hungarian Parliament Building, it is the one of the two tallest buildings in Budapest at 96 metres (315 ft) - this equation symbolises that worldly and spiritual thinking have the same importance. According to current regulations there cannot be taller building in Budapest than 96 metres (315 ft). It has a width of 55 metres (180 ft), and length of 87.4 metres (287 ft). It was completed in 1905 after 54 years of construction, according to the plans of Miklós Ybl, and was comleted by József Kauser. Much of this delay can be attributed to the collapse of the dome in 1868 which required complete demolition of the completed works and rebuilding from the ground up.

The architectural style is Neo-Rennaissance; it has a Greek cross groundplan. The façade is anchored by two large bell towers. In the southern tower is Hungary's biggest bell, weighing over 9 tonnes (8.9 long tons; 9.9 short tons) . Its predecessor had a weight of almost 8 tonnes (7.9 long tons; 8.8 short tons), but it was used for military purposes during World War II. Visitors may access the dome by elevators or by climbing 364 stairs for a 360° view overlooking Budapest.

Concerts in the Basilica: The program of the concerts was adapted by Miklós Teleki. Together with András Virágh, they belong to some of the best organ artists in Hungary. The arias of the program are performed by Kolos Kováts, one of the most famous concert an oratorio singer in Hungary. Among numerous prices, in 1992 he recieved also the highest prize hungarian artist can aquire: the Kossuth Prize. The flute is played by Eleonóra Krusic who is already known for her performances with different orchestras from Barcelona to Zürich, Granz and Viena.

If you want to visit this charming place we recommend you the new audio guide system. After that if you want to stay in hungary you can sleep in a trustful apartment of Budapest.

Districts of Budapest

Budapest bhad 10 districts after coming into existence by the unification of the cities of Pest, Buda and Óbuda in 1873, numbered I to X. In the 1930s, 4 new districts were organized, numbered XI to XIV. There are a plenty of attractions in Budapest, so highly recommended to hire a budapest guide. On 1 January 1950, Budapest was amalgamated with 7 neighboring towns and 16 villages, and the number of its districts increased to 22. District IV was dissolved and the number was given to the northernmost newly merged town (Újpest), further amalgamated territories were organized as districts XV - XXII. Former district borders were also partly modified but the old numbering system is still clear on the map. In 1994, one of the former villages left district XX and the new district XXIII was born.

Budapest sights in the Pest side

Many Budapest sights are in this part of the city:

The Parliament
The Parliament building is the real symbol of Budapest: impossible to miss because its wonderful location on the river of the Danube and of its size. The building is 268 meters long and 123 meters hight, with a dome 96 meters high. Particular attention should also be given to the wonderful artistic compositions of glass works by Miksa Róth. 

The Basilica of St. Stephen
The St. Stephen's Basilica is the largest church in Hungary. Almost 100 meters high, its high dome can be seen from most of the city. Characterizing element of Basilica is the dome, which rises to a height of 96 meters, making it, like Parliament, the tallest building in Pest. Internally  there is keept one of the most  important treasure of the country: the mummified hand of King Stephen, which gives its name. The building was completed around 1905. 

Heroes' Square
Heroes' Square is located on the Pest side of the capital. It is surrounded to the north by the Museum of Fine Arts and to the South by the Gallery of the Arts. In the middle of the square, on a column of 36 meters there is the statue of the Archangel Gabriel, at the base of the column are statues of the seven Magyar commanders who conquered the country.

Cuisine of Hungary

The Hungarian cuisine is one element that stands in Hungarian culture. It varied with creative types of meals. The culinary culture is the result of historical development, which has more than 1000 years, with good natural endowments. If we are lucky we can taste the delicious foods during a Budapest city-tour. The Hungarian cuisine is rich in spicy aromas and flavors, the most famous dish of this cuisine is goulash that meets the typical flavors of this popular cuisine mixed with paprika. Hungarian cuisine is understood that not only confined to Hungary but also that of the hungarians. This cuisine is common in the use of peppers, paprika (called Eros Pista) and garlic, few dishes that include raw vegetables. The perfect hungarian guide don't let the tourist go home until he don't tasted this speciality. The fries are made ​​with lard coming be used for frying at high temperature and usually has a smoky flavor. In the land of the famous sausages have salami (Hungarian: téliszalámi), this salami made ​​in Hungary since 1883 using traditional Szeged has unique qualities that distinguish it from the original quite Italian, other sausages are paprikás szalámi (salami with paprika) and csemege szalámi (salami made ​​from a mixture of pork and beef), smoked sausage and gyula Békéscsaba. The wines are well known, are usually white and gold colored sweetish odor. The red table wine is the most popular Bikavér. As highlighted by the Egri Bikavér (Bull's Blood of Eger), grown in the region around the city of Eger, in northern Hungary. Red wines are very good body and age very well. One of the most famous wines of Tokaji Hungarian gastronomy from the sunny slopes of the hills of Tokaj sandy washes, this wine was well known by the eighteenth-century European royalty. If we travel to Hungary we have to drink one glass. It is a sweet wine that perfectly accompanies one of the favorite dishes of the Hungarians: goose liver. They are also very famous wines of Lake Balaton.

Exploring the Palaces

Little more than fragments remain of Budapest transfer’s Gothic and Renaissance past. However, some Baroque buildings have survived in Buda’s Castle District and Vizivaros. Neo-Classicism, on the other hand, has a much wider presence; there are many apartment buildings, palaces and secular monuments built in this style, especially around the old fortification walls of Pest on the eastern side of the Danube. Historicism dominated the architecture of the second half of the 19th century. It played a vital role in the enlargement of the city as it expressed and celebrated the optimism of the era.

Local currency

The curreny system in Hungary is rapidly approaching the Europeanstandard. Budapest now boasts manymodern banks, both Hungarian andforeign, which are located in smartand spacious buildings. The service isefficient and courteous. There are manyautomatic cash dispensers and bureauxde change in the town centre and around the railwaystations. An increasing number of shops and restaurantsnow accept credit cards, but it is still more common in Budapest to pay for goods and services in cash. Mostbanks will now also advance money on a credit card.

Where to stay

When deciding on accommodation, first choose the general location: Buda or Pest, or maybe even the picturesque suburbs further afield. In low-lying Pest, many hotels are literally only a few steps away from most of the major tourist attractions, while visitors staying in hilly Buda can enjoy cool, fresh air and quiet surroundings. Good value for money can be found by renting a room in one of the small pensions or private hotels in and around Budapest. The more exclusive hotels offer a luxurious stay, but at a much greater price – as much as 40,000 Hungarian forints and above per night. Most luxury hotels, such as the Hyatt Regency Budapest-Vienna (see p181), are set along the eastern bank of the Danube. Others, such as the Marriott (see p183) or the KempinskiCorvinus (see p183) are situated nearer to the centre of Pest, close to the theatres and shops. Those located further out of town are usually an easy journey from the city centre, particularly since hotels are often situated close to metro stations. Tourinform (see p179) is a chain of tourist offices in Budapest-Bratislava that provide information (in Hungarian, English, French, German, Russian and Italian) on accommodation and places to eat, as well as on tourist and cultural events. Maps can be found on sale here, as well as free booklets and pamphlets. The offices are open daily, even during the winter months. Should visitors need any further information to supplement this guide, this office can offer details of alternative accommodation, from hotels to camp sites. The Tourist Almanac, available from most bookshops, is also a useful publication.